Constitutive models of magneto-sensitive rubber under a continuum mechanics basis and the application in vibration isolation
Time: Wed 2020-06-10 10.00
Subject area: Engineering Mechanics
Doctoral student: Bochao Wang , Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet MWL
Opponent: Professor Vincent Coveney, University of the West of England
Supervisor: Leif Kari, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet MWL; Ines Lopez Arteaga, Marcus Wallenberg Laboratoriet MWL
Due to its durability, stretchability, relatively low stiffness and high damping, rubber is widely used in engineering anti-vibration fields. However, a major deficiency is that once installed, the mechanical properties of traditional rubber-based devices are fixed where its adaptability to various loading conditions is poor. An alternative to traditional rubber materials is magneto-sensitive (MS) rubber. The main componentsof MS rubber are a rubber matrix and ferromagnetic particles. Under a magnetic field, the modulus of MS rubber can be altered rapidly and reversibly. Therefore, compared with conventional rubber-based devices, the stiffness of MS rubber-based devices can be adapted to various loading conditions and an enhanced vibration reduction effect can be achieved. Measurement results revealed that the mechanical behavior of MS rubber is not simple. To be specific, the dynamic modulus of MS rubber has a magnetic, frequency,amplitude and temperature dependency. In order to promote the applications of MS rubber in the anti-vibration area, models to depict the above properties are needed. The main goal of this thesis is to model the magnetic, frequency, amplitude and temperature dependence of MS rubber under a continuum mechanics basis. The research results regarding the constitutive modeling consist of three papers (Paper A, C and D). The simulation results show a good agreement with the measurement data, which proves the accuracy and feasibility of the developed model. In addition to the constitutive models of MS rubber, an investigation of MS rubber application in the vibration isolation system under harmonic and random loading cases is numerically conducted (Paper B). In order to achieve an enhanced vibration isolation effect, two control algorithms corresponding to the harmonic and random loading are developed. Numerical results verify that the vibration isolation effect ofMS rubber vibration isolator is better than the traditional rubber-based isolator. In this thesis, the model developed for MS rubber deepens the understanding of how magnetic, frequency, amplitude and temperature affect the mechanical performance of MS rubber. Moreover, the research of MS rubber application in vibration isolators and the corresponding control strategies are helpful for the design of MS rubber-based anti-vibration devices.