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Bio-based recovery of organic carbon from municipal waste streams

Process optimization and microbial community dynamics

Time: Wed 2022-04-06 10.00

Location: F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26 & 28, Stockholm

Video link: https://kth-se.zoom.us/meeting/register/u5wpf-ytqTMjGdYb0Prnn8cP_QXwRxdWtjg0

Language: English

Subject area: Chemical Engineering

Doctoral student: Isaac Owusu-Agyeman , Kemiteknik

Opponent: Professor Piet Lens, IHE Delft

Supervisor: Universitetslektor Zeynep Cetecioglu, Industriell bioteknologi; Professor Elzbieta Plaza, Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik

QC 2022-03-09

Abstract

Resource recovery from waste contributes to the transition to a sustainable society. Municipal organic wastes have enormous potential for resource recovery due to the inherent organic content which makes it possible to obtain bio-based chemicals and bioenergy. In view of this, the focus of the current study was on the bio-based recovery of carbon from municipal organic wastes by exploring process optimization and microbial community dynamics of existing and new technologies for the recovery of bio-based products. The study involved two parts: 1) biogas production through direct anaerobic granule-based treatment of mainstream municipal wastewater; and 2) production of bio-based platform chemicals in the form of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) from sewage sludge and other municipal organic wastes through mixed microbiome co-fermentation. This Ph.D. project demonstrated a waste-to-value approach to shifting wastewater treatment plants to biorefineries for recovering valuable carbon resources through both direct anaerobic treatment of municipal wastewater and co-fermentation of municipal organic waste. The application of VFAs for other processes could lead to a bio-based production platform as an alternative to fossil-based processes.

urn.kb.se/resolve?urn=urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-309664