Professor of Theoretical Physics
Advances within modern technology, which is driven by international collaborations in order to develop quantum computers, requires an understanding of the behaviour of materials on a microscopic scale. On this scale, the theories in classical mechanics no longer apply. Instead, so-called quantum mechanical conditions are studied. It involves very small systems consisting of atoms and elementary particles, the universe’s smallest particles, and matter at very low temperatures.
Egor Babaev’s research focuses on new quantum states in matter. The work is particularly focused on super fluid states, in which there is no viscosity. It also focuses on superconductors that conduct electricity without any losses. The research touches on possible new quantum states of matter at extreme conditions, such as superconducting super fluids of hydrogen and its alloys (compounds) at ultra-high compression. This is currently being studied in several laboratories in Europe and the US. Egor Babaev and his research group have proposed and developed theories for new types of superconducting behaviours, called type 1.5. Recently, the research group joined a large international collaboration which uses superconducting elements to build quantum computers.