Ergonomics at computer workplaces
Disorders or injuries in muscles, tendons and joints are one of the most common reasons why people are away from work. Studies of how workers experience their work and work environment show time and again that inconvenience caused by excessive, prolonged or unilateral pressures is one of the biggest health and safety problems.
The employer is responsible for planning, investigating and resolving the working environment, which includes ergonomics at computer workplaces and load ergonomics, e.g. postures, work movements and repetitive work.
The employer's responsibility applies to both employees and students, as well as when the work is carried out at a place other than the main workplace, e.g. when the work is carried out in a place other than the main workplace. teleworking from their own home.
Knowledge and information
The employer shall ensure that the employee has sufficient knowledge of:
- appropriate postures and movements;
- the use of technical equipment and facilities;
- the risks of inappropriate postures, movements and inappropriate manual handling;
- early signs of overload of joints and muscles.
Occupational injuries during monitor work often occur in the case of problems such as neck, shoulders and arms. Complaints can often be prevented and the efficiency of work improved with the appropriate design of the technical equipment, the lighting environment, the workplace and the organisation of work.
Conduct safety rounds
Occupational health care offers:
- Ergonomic protection round at individual and group level and lecture in ergonomics.
- Measurement and advice of indoor climate, such as: ventilation, air, noise, noise and lighting.
- Be advisory on local issues and in renovations or new constructions.
What to consider
The employer shall ensure that there is normally no work that is repetitive, strongly controlled or tied. Work on monitors that are strongly controlled or bound in physical or psychological terms or are unilaterally repeated must not normally occur. Special attention shall be paid to one-sided and routine and strongly controlled or bound works.
Ergonomics at monitor
- The monitor and ambient lighting shall be kept free from disturbing effects such as flickering, glare and glare.
- The display site shall allow for variations in work movements and ample space for the monitor, keyboard and mouse.
- Visual examinations shall be carried out by monitor workers who normally work more than one hour a day at the monitor.
- Arrange and design tasks and workplaces so that workers can use postures and movements that are beneficial to the body.
- Pauses and switching to other tasks prevent the load over a working day from leading to excessive fatigue or other inconveniencethat may eventually be harmful. The individual needs to have the freedom to switch tasks or take breaks as needed.
- Avoid prolonged and frequent work with bent or twisted torso, as well as work with your hands above shoulder height or below knee height.
- Plan and arrange your work to provide the opportunity for personal contacts. The work room and other environment at the workplace should be designed accordingly.
Psychological strain associated with image scare work
Deficiencies in the physical design of the display site or deficiencies in the organisation and organisation of display work can cause such physical and mental loads to cause discomfort and ill health at work. Psychological pressures and stress-related problems can also arise as a result of the work situation. It is, among other things, the case of the European Parliament, which is a member of the documented that extended response times and unplanned system outages are often perceived as psychologically stressful.