Integration of BIM and 3D GIS for sustainable cadastre
Time: Fri 2022-10-28 10.00
Location: Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm
Video link: https://kth-se.zoom.us/j/65376253484
Subject area: Geodesy and Geoinformatics, Geodesy
Doctoral student: Jing Sun , Geodesi och satellitpositionering
Opponent: Professor Peter van Oosterom, TU Delft
Supervisor: Professor Kent Eriksson, Fastighetsföretagande och finansiella system; Professor Lars Harrie, Lund University; Docent Jenny Paulsson, Fastighetsvetenskap; Associate Professor Milan Horemuz, Geodesi och satellitpositionering
Building Information Modelling (BIM) has prominently innovated and digitalized buildingenvironment through digital representation of buildings, lifecycle process and managementfor involved actors. Rapidly developed from Geographical Information System (GIS) domain,three-dimensionally (3D) GIS provides powerful and comprehensive functions of planning,modelling, visualizing and analyzing 3D geodata in large scale. BIM and 3D GIS, both asmodern 3D spatial technologies, overlap partly but focus on different purposes andapplications with own international standards, for example Industry Foundation Classes (IFC)for BIM and CityGML for 3D GIS respectively. Therefore, the sharing and integration of BIMdata and geodata is mutually beneficial for comprehensive 3D city modelling.
The cadastre playing a pivotal role of land use is a land information system that records legaland spatial information of land parcels, traditionally in textual files and 2D cadastral maps. In order to satisfy the needs for better urban land use and avoid ambiguous problems due tomore complex spaces, cadastre is under transition from 2D to 3D for representing, modellingand visualizing property units, rights and boundaries practically.
This thesis explores the integration of BIM and 3D GIS for sustainable 3D cadastre from legal,technical, registration and organizational perspectives. The outcomes include a method toevaluate geometric aspects of BIM data quality, a framework for representing and visualizing3D cadastre by integrating Land Administration Domain Model (LADM), BIM and 3D GIS, alifecycle process of 3D property formation developed by Information Delivery Manual (IDM),a business ecosystem-based 3D cadastral management, and cadastre ecosystem. The value ofmultidisciplinary integrating these topics is to fulfil the demands of sustainable urbandevelopment and lifecycle management of cadastre in the digitalization of cadastre and smartcity. Overall, the findings show that the integration of BIM and 3D GIS for 3D cadastre canprovide involved actors with necessary and accurate information, knowledge and insight thatenhances financial, environmental, and social outcomes sustainably for both cities andcitizens.