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Personal injury or rapid decline

Find out where the First Aid equipment is!


  • What has happened? Try to get an overall idea of the situation.
  • Rescue any people who are in danger.
  • If required – administer First Aid.
  • Time – every second counts. Don’t hesitate – always call 112.
  • Notify security on 08-790 77 00 – they have medical equipment and defibrillators in their vehicles.

Burn/scald injuries

First Aid

The symbol of medical care: a white cross on a green background.
  • Establish whether you can communicate with the person.
  • Call for help.
  • Make sure the patient is breathing. If not, clear their airways and administer artificial respiration.
  • If the patient is breathing, put them in the recovery position.
  • If their heart is not beating, administer cardiac massage.
  • Cool the area with plenty of running cold water for
  • about 20–30 minutes.
  • Do not leave the patient alone.
  • Do not remove any of the patient’s clothes.

Eye injuries (splashes of corrosive substance)

  • Rinse the eyes immediately with plenty of water.
  • Keep the eyelid open while rinsing.
  • Continue rinsing for about 20 minutes.

Corrosion injuries

  • Immediately rinse the injured area with plenty of running water.
  • Remove any clothes that have the corrosive substance on them.
  • Continue rinsing the area for 20–30 minutes.

Electrical accidents

  • Cut the power immediately.
  • Do not touch the patient until the power has been cut.


  • Prevent the patient from hurting themselves, e.g. by cushioning their head.
  • Do not put anything in the patient’s mouth – this can do more harm than good.
  • Stay with the patient until the seizure has passed.
  • If you witness a suspected epileptic seizure, check if the patient is wearing or carrying an epilepsy symbol before calling the emergency services. Most seizures pass within a few minutes.


  • Help the patient access and take their medicine, and loosen any tight-fitting clothes.
  • If the seizure does not pass – call an ambulance.


  • If the patient is conscious, give them something to eat or drink containing sugar.
  • Wait 10–15 minutes to gauge their reaction. If the food or drink doesn’t help, the patient is in insulin shock.
  • Never give an unconscious person anything to eat or drink.

Stroke/cerebral infarction/brain haemorrhage (symptoms)

  • Sudden weakness or sudden numbness in the face, arms or legs, often – but not always – in one half of the body only.
  • Sudden difficulty speaking or understanding, which can sometimes manifest as confusion.
  • Sudden double vision or vision disorder in one or both eyes.
  • Sudden difficulty walking, sudden dizziness, vertigo, or reduced balance and coordination.
  • Sudden severe headache for no apparent reason.

The FAST test for stroke

If a person is unable to do the following, they may be having a stroke.
F: Facial weakness – Can the person smile? Has their mouth or eye drooped?
A: Arm weakness – Can the person raise both arms and keep them raised for 10 seconds?
S: Speech problems – Can the person speak clearly and understand what you say?
T: Time to call 112 if you see any of these signs.

Cardiac arrest/heart attack (symptoms)

  • Severe, pressing or cramping pain in the chest that does not go away.
  • A diffuse but unpleasant sensation in the chest that lasts more than 15 minutes.
  • Chest pains combined with shortness of breath, cold sweats or arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat).
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Belongs to: KTH Intranet
Last changed: Oct 11, 2023
Accident or serious incident
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Personal injury or rapid decline
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